Lloyd Tanner’s friction boiler creates large amounts of steam using wood as the fuel. It uses two unseasoned logs every 3 days, so you can use fresh cut hard wood for fuel. This unit now needs a Tesla turbine generator attached to the steam outlet.
Markp0177 has now rebuilt his 13 year old generator that is feed by his local stream. This is a 2 phase generator, and the stator that holds the coils is made of epoxy and metal filings/shavings, just like the mixture in JB weld. The metal shavings are ferrous Not Aluminum. Once the epoxy cures in the mold it is removed and the surface is refined. He did this by converting a drill press into a milling machine (Smart man!). Then he wound the first phase, then the second phase using both using 18 gauge wire, 40 turns per coil. The old stator was a larger gage and only had 20 turns per coil. The new stator will produce a higher voltage but lower current. He changed the configuration on the new stator coils, so that it would operate better at a lower speeds. I have placed the video below the steps of the build.
The process that the earth uses to create oil has been discovered, its is called Thermal Depolymerization(TDP). Basically heat organic or inorganic materials up with steam and they start to separate into oil and the other elements they are made of. The TDP process has been able to decrease the time it takes to make oil from millions of years to about 15 minutes. For example the company Tyson that makes us all the chicken nuggets and delicious lunch meats and Thanksgiving turkeys have a huge amount of waste from there process. In 2001 they started to send those wastes to a TDP plant and turned 600 million tons of turkey guts and other waste into 4 billion barrels of light Texas oil.
Unlike other solid-to-liquid-fuel processes such as cornstarch into ethanol, this one will accept almost any carbon-based feedstock. If a 175-pound man fell into one end, he would come out the other end as 38 pounds of oil, 7 pounds of gas, and 7 pounds of minerals, as well as 123 pounds of sterilized water. While no one plans to put people into a thermal depolymerization machine they are planning to put the human sewage and trash in an have oil come out.
So how does it work? The other processes all tried to drive out water. We drive it in, inside this tank, with heat and pressure. We super-hydrate the material.” Thus temperatures and pressures need only be modest, because water helps to convey heat into the feedstock. “We’re talking about temperatures of 500 degrees Fahrenheit and pressures of about 600 pounds for most organic material—not at all extreme or energy intensive. And the cooking times are pretty short, usually about 15 minutes.”
Once the organic soup is heated and partially depolymerized in the reactor vessel, phase two begins. “We quickly drop the slurry to a lower pressure,” says Appel, pointing at a branching series of pipes. The rapid depressurization releases about 90 percent of the slurry’s free water. Dehydration via depressurization is far cheaper in terms of energy consumed than is heating and boiling off the water, particularly because no heat is wasted. “We send the flashed-off water back up there,” Appel says, pointing to a pipe that leads to the beginning of the process, “to heat the incoming stream.”
At this stage, the minerals—in turkey waste, they come mostly from bones—settle out and are shunted to storage tanks. Rich in calcium and magnesium, the dried brown powder “is a perfect balanced fertilizer,” Appel says.
The remaining concentrated organic soup gushes into a second-stage reactor similar to the coke ovens used to refine oil into gasoline. “This technology is as old as the hills,” says Appel, grinning broadly. The reactor heats the soup to about 900 degrees Fahrenheit to further break apart long molecular chains. Next, in vertical distillation columns, hot vapor flows up, condenses, and flows out from different levels: gases from the top of the column, light oils from the upper middle, heavier oils from the middle, water from the lower middle, and powdered carbon—used to manufacture tires, filters, and printer toners—from the bottom. “Gas is expensive to transport, so we use it on-site in the plant to heat the process,” Appel says. The oil, minerals, and carbon are sold to the highest bidders.
Depending on the feedstock and the cooking and coking times, the process can be tweaked to make other specialty chemicals that may be even more profitable than oil. Turkey offal, for example, can be used to produce fatty acids for soap, tires, paints, and lubricants. Polyvinyl chloride, or PVC—the stuff of house siding, wallpapers, and plastic pipes—yields hydrochloric acid, a relatively benign and industrially valuable chemical used to make cleaners and solvents. “That’s what’s so great about making water a friend,” says Appel. “The hydrogen in water combines with the chlorine in PVC to make it safe. If you burn PVC [in a municipal-waste incinerator], you get dioxin—very toxic.”
“The potential is unbelievable,” says Michael Roberts, a senior chemical engineer for the Gas Technology Institute, an energy research group. “You’re not only cleaning up waste; you’re talkingabout distributed generation of oil all over the world.”
How to make DIY high voltage capacitors. I start by showing a few different high voltage capacitors I’ve made over the years followed by an explanation of how denser electric field causes breakdown of the capacitor dielectric/insulator. I then show what the voltage rating on commercial capacitors means. I next show how to find breakdown voltage, also known at dielectric strength, online and use it in calculations for how thick your dielectric should be. That’s followed by a breakdown voltage test with a homemade high voltage power supply, an analog volt meter and an ammeter. I then show how the shape of capacitor plates influences breakdown voltage, as well as the effect thin plates has on ionizing air. That leads to using corona dope, resin or wax to insulate the capacitor plates. In the final breakdown voltage demonstrations I show the use of current limiting resistors and lastly how standard breakdown voltage tests are done.
This Flame Gulper Engine was made from plans in the February 1950 issue of Popular Science. The fuel is alcohol. Modifications were made to replace the castings originally specified. This is a video of the flame gulper engine pictured on the “Models” page of Engineman website. To read the February 1950 issue of Popular Science the article starts on page 206.
A first version of it was invented in 1762 by Swedish professor Johan Carl Wilcke. It is a simple manual capacitive generator used to produce electrostatic charge via the process of electrostatic induction.
The electrophorus consists of a dielectric plate (originally a ‘cake’ of resinous material such as pitch or wax, but in modern versions plastic is used) and a metal plate with an insulating handle.The dielectric does not transfer a significant fraction of its surface charge to the metal because the microscopic contact is poor. Instead the electrostatic field of the charged dielectric causes the charges in the metal plate to separate. It develops two regions of charge — the positive charges in the plate are attracted to the side facing down toward the dielectric, charging it positively, while the negative charges are repelled to the side facing up, charging it negatively, with the plate remaining electrically neutral as a whole. Then, the side facing up is momentarily grounded (which can be done by touching it with a finger), draining off the negative charge. Finally, the metal plate, now carrying only one sign of charge, is lifted.
Slow motors make better generators due to the amount of coils that they have. This Ceiling fan conversion is great for wind turbines. Here is a recycled Ceiling fan being tested for wind turbine use. Me personally I would use N45 to N55 Neodymium Magnets they are many times stronger. He uses All recycled parts in the project.